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Focal Length Calculator

Relate optical and mechanical parameters of simple lenses in order to ease integration into application assemblies. Select index from list of EO's own optical substrates to help calculate focal lengths and principal points of any standard lens.

Note: This calculator follows the standard sign convention for the optical radius of curvature where if the vertex of a surface lies to the left of the center of curvature the radius of curvature is positive, and if the vertex lies to the right of the center of curvature the radius of curvature is negative. In the figure, R1 is positive and R2 is negative.

Effective Focal Length, EFL (mm): --       

Back Focal Length, BFL (mm): --       

Front Focal Length, FFL (mm): --       

Primary Principal Point, P (mm): --       

Secondary Principal Point, P'' (mm): --       

Shift in Nodal Point (mm): >--       

OR Plano 

OR Plano 


Focal Length Calculator

Equations and Corresponding Legend

$$ \Phi_{\text{OS}} = \frac{n_L - n_{\text{OS}}}{R_1} $$
$$ \Phi_{\text{IS}} = \frac{ n_{\text{IS}} - n_{L} }{R_2} $$
$$ \Phi = \Phi_{\text{OS}} + \Phi_{\text{IS}} - \Phi_{\text{OS}} \, \Phi_{\text{IS}} \, \left( \frac{\text{CT}}{n_L} \right) $$
$$ P = \frac{\Phi_{\text{IS}}}{\Phi} \, \left( \frac{n_{\text{OS}}}{n_L} \right) \, \text{CT} $$
$$ P'' = - \frac{\Phi_{\text{OS}}}{\Phi} \, \left( \frac{n_{\text{IS}}}{n_L} \right) \, \text{CT} $$
$$ \text{EFL} = \frac{1}{\Phi} $$
$$ f_F = - n_{\text{OS}} \cdot \text{EFL} $$
$$ f_R = n_{\text{IS}} \cdot \text{EFL} $$
$$ \text{BFL} = f_R + P'' $$
$$ \text{FFL} = f_F + P $$
$$ \text{NPS} = f_F + f_R $$
ΦOS Power of Surface 1
ΦIS Power of Surface 2
F Lens Power
nOS Object Space Index
nL Lens Index
nIS Image Space Index
R1 Radius of Surface 1
R2 Radius of Surface 2
CT Center Thickness
P Primary Principle Point
P" Secondary Principle Point
EFL Effective Focal Length
BFL Back Focal Length
FFL Front Focal Length
NPS Nodal Point Shift
fF Front Focal Point
fR Rear Focal Point

Related Resources and Products

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